Today, many people experience a spell of some form of headache almost on a daily basis. Although most of these headaches go away on their own, sometimes you may need to take pain killers. However, there are times when the headache is so strong that you can barely withstand it. In such cases, this ceases to be a headache but a migraine. So what are migraines?
Migraines can cause severe throbbing in one area of the head. The throbbing can be so bad that you may be stuck for hours, unable to do anything. This pulsing sensation is in most cases accompanied by incidences of vomiting, nausea and at times extreme sensitivity to sunlight. In fact, people who have migraines rarely venture into the sunlight. When under this pain, all many people think of is finding a dark and quite place to lie down.
Stages of a Migraine
Before a migraine headache becomes full blown, you actually have a chance to notice it from a far and even coin up ways to avoid it. This is because many migraines progresses through 4 main stages: prodrome, aura, headache or attack and finally postdrome.
Prodrome is the first stage, and it is characterized by constipation, depression, irritability, hyperactivity and sometimes neck stiffness. Once this stage is complete, aura kicks in. The symptoms that come with this stage are related to the nervous system and can last for up to one hour. Vision loss, needles sensation in the arm or at times limb weakness are known to accompany aura. The attack happens immediately after this stage if no treatment is undertaken. For many people, a migraine can last for up to 72 hours although the splitting headaches vary between individuals. During the attack, you will experience extreme pain on one side of the head, sensitivity to light and nausea. At the end of it all is postdrome. You will certainly feel drained or sometimes slightly euphoric.
Causes of Migraines
In women, migraines are mainly caused by hormonal changes. This is especially common after periods due to the fluctuation in estrogen levels. Food additives, alcohol, stress and many other physical factors can also lead to this condition. Whenever you notice symptoms of the prodrome stage, you need to start looking for help. Otherwise, you may have to go through 72 hours that you will wish never came at all. When having a migraine, see a doctor immediately if you experience an abrupt, severe headache.
What are migraines ? Statistic states that migraines affect about 20 million people in the united states. They can occur at any age but usually between he ages of 10 and 40 and they tend to diminish after the age of 50. The true cause of migraines is still unknown. There are two common migraines: one with aura and one without aura. The less common types of migraines include the following types: balilar artery migraine, carotidyria and headaches, free migraines, ophthalmologic migraines, and status migraines. Women seem more prone than men but they are common to both sexes. Neither are they limited to age groups as even children can have migraines.